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Understanding Thyroid Disorders in Adolescents

Understanding Thyroid Disorders in Adolescents

Thyroid disorders are not limited to adults, they can also affect adolescents. The thyroid gland plays a crucial role in regulating various bodily functions, including metabolism, growth, and development. When the thyroid gland doesn't function properly, it can lead to a range of health issues. The thyroid gland plays a crucial role in regulating various bodily functions and hormone production. When the thyroid gland becomes imbalanced during adolescence, it can lead to specific thyroid disorders. If noticed any alterations in your child’s health get tested for thyroid at AED Hospitals, the best Thyroid Test Centers in Kukatpally, KPHB and also the Best Hospital for Thyroid Treatment in KPHB, Hyderabad.

Common thyroid disorders seen in adolescents:


Hypothyroidism occurs when the thyroid gland does not produce enough thyroid hormones. Common causes include an autoimmune condition called Hashimoto's thyroiditis or congenital hypothyroidism. Symptoms of hypothyroidism in adolescents may include fatigue, weight gain, sensitivity to cold, constipation, dry skin, and changes in mood and cognition. If left untreated, hypothyroidism can negatively impact growth and development.


Hyperthyroidism refers to an overactive thyroid gland that produces an excessive amount of thyroid hormones. Graves' disease is the most common cause of hyperthyroidism in adolescents. Symptoms can include weight loss, increased appetite, irritability, restlessness, difficulty sleeping, rapid heartbeat, tremors, and changes in menstrual patterns. If left untreated, hyperthyroidism can affect bone health and interfere with normal growth.

Thyroid Nodules:

Thyroid nodules are growths or lumps that form within the thyroid gland. Although most of the nodules are benign (non-cancerous) some can be cancerous. Thyroid nodules in adolescents are relatively rare, but they may be detected during routine examinations or when evaluating other thyroid-related conditions. Further testing, such as ultrasound or fine-needle aspiration, is often performed to determine the nature of the nodules.

Thyroid Cancer:

Although rare, thyroid cancer can occur in adolescents. The most common type of thyroid cancer in this age group is papillary thyroid cancer. It is typically associated with a good prognosis and can be treated successfully. Symptoms may include a lump or swelling in the neck, difficulty swallowing, hoarseness, or swollen lymph nodes. Early detection and prompt treatment are important for favourable outcomes.

Causes of Thyroid Disorders in Children:

Thyroid disorders in adolescents can have various causes, ranging from genetic factors to autoimmune conditions. Understanding the underlying causes is crucial for accurate diagnosis and appropriate management. Here are some common causes of thyroid disorders in adolescents:

Autoimmune Conditions:

ThyroidAutoimmune diseases occur when the immune system mistakenly attacks the body's own tissues. In the case of thyroid disorders, two autoimmune conditions are commonly associated are Hashimoto's thyroiditis and Graves' disease.

Genetic Factors:

ThyroidSome thyroid disorders in adolescents can have a genetic component. Certain gene mutations or familial history of thyroid disorders may increase the risk of developing conditions like congenital hypothyroidism, thyroid nodules, or thyroid cancer. Genetic testing and a detailed family medical history can help identify these predisposing factors.

Iodine Deficiency or Excess:

Iodine is a vital mineral required for the production of thyroid hormones. Inadequate or excessive iodine intake can disrupt thyroid function. In regions with iodine deficiency, adolescents may develop goitre (enlarged thyroid gland) or hypothyroidism. Excessive iodine intake such as from certain medications or supplements can also lead to hyperthyroidism.

Radiation Exposure:

IodineExposure to radiation, particularly during childhood or adolescence, can increase the risk of developing thyroid disorders. This exposure may occur due to medical treatments like radiation therapy for cancer or as a result of environmental factors such as nuclear accidents.

ForAED Hospitals is often termed as the Best Hospital for Thyroid Treatment in KPHB, Hyderabad and also has the experienced Thyroid Specialists in KPHB, Hyderabad

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